Speed Skating Terms

ADVANCED SKATER
Older, very skilled skater who actively competes in Class A on a national level or American Cup competitions.

ASSISTANCE
Each Skater shall compete as an individual. Any assistance from other Skaters will be cause for sanctions of all Skaters involved. This will not apply to the push the Skater receives from their Team-mate in a Relay race.

BLOCKS
Rubber lane markers identify track layout. Skaters skate outside the lane markers.

CLAP SKATE
A type of skate used in Long Track. The blade detaches from heel of the boot and allows the blade of the skate to stay on the ice longer. This type of skate is for an advanced skater.

CLASS A
Most competitive racing level

CLASS B
Racing level for novice or beginner

CROSSOVERS
A skating stroke, placing the right foot in front of and to the left of the  left foot.  Enabling the skater to gather speed while turning.

DRYLAND TRAINING
Skating related exercises off ice.

FIXED BLADE
The boot is lower cut so it has greater flexibility. The blades are longer and flatter to provide a longer glide over the ice.

HEATS
Elimination rounds of competition in individual events. Top finishers advance to Semi-finals and Finals.

IMPEDING
Deliberately impeding, blocking, charging, or pushing another Competitor with any part of the body. Interfere with another Skater by crossing his/her course thereby deliberately causing contact.

INTERMEDIATE SKATER
A younger skater who actively races in Class A competitions.

KICKING OUT
Deliberately kicking out of any skate during any part of a race thereby causing danger including at the finish line or throwing the body across the finish line is forbidden.

LAP COUNTER
This person stands on the side of the track in long or short track competitions to let the skaters know how many laps are left in race.

LONG TRACK
Racing track larger than 111 meters. Generally 250 – 400 meter ovals. The Pettit Center oval is 400 meters.

LONG TRACK SKATES
Skates designed for racing on larger tracks, can be fixed blade or clap blade.

METRIC STYLE SKATING
Skater racing against the clock on a 400 meter oval. Competitors are  paired and must stay in designated lanes.

NOVICE SKATER
A beginner level skater. Competes in Class B competitions to gain experience needed to compete Class A level.

OFF-TRACK
Shortening the distance to be skated with one or both skates on the left side of the curve, marked by track marking blocks.

PACK STYLE SKATING
Skater competes in groups. The first one over the line wins.

PENALTIES, also called INFRINGEMENTS

ROCK
The curvature on the bottom of the blade.

SHARPENING STONES
Stones used in blade sharpening.

SHORT TRACK
A 111 meter oval usually shared on ice surface with hockey or figure skating.

SHORT TRACK SKATES
Skates designed for racing on 111 meter track. It is a higher cut boot made of fiberglass for optimal support. The blades are fixed, designed for racing to help the skater hold the track.

WARM UP LANE
The lane on the very inside of the track where skaters warm up on a long track.